What is Monero? XMR Explained

What is Monero? XMR Explained
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When we think of cryptocurrency, Bitcoin is the first cryptocurrency that comes to our mind. It was the first of its type, allowing users to make transactions with their currencies via peer-to-peer technology. Then, however, another money has gained popularity and acceptability, owing to its privacy-focused qualities. Monero is the name of this cryptocurrency.

What is Monero?

Monero (XMR) is a cryptocurrency launched in April 2014 with an emphasis on anonymity and untraceability. Monero hides the sender, recipient, and transaction amount via ring signatures, stealth addresses, and confidential ring transactions. Even though Monero has been embraced for darknet applications, its privacy implications are critical for personal security and money fungibility.

Monero’s mission is to create a digital currency with the anonymity and privacy of cash. When you buy something with Monero, the recipient doesn’t need to know who you are or where the money came from. Your transaction history is kept strictly confidential. Monero is an open-source currency that concentrates on anonymity and privacy. This implies that anybody may access the platform and utilize it for free. In the search for anonymity, Monero’s openness is one of its most valuable qualities.

What makes Monero private?

As not all privacy cryptocurrencies accomplish privacy in the same way, consumers should not see them as interchangeable products. For example, Monero uses the ideas of ring signatures and stealth addresses to overcome privacy problems.

Ring signature:

Ring signatures allow a sender to keep their identity hidden from other members of a group. Ring signatures are anonymous digital signatures from a single group member; however, they do not indicate who signs a transaction.

The Monero platform employs a combination of a sender’s account keys and public keys on the blockchain to produce a ring signature. This distinguishes it as both distinctive and private. Furthermore, it conceals the sender’s identity since it is computationally difficult to determine which group members’ keys were used to generate the complicated signature.

However, as of 2019, a default Monero transaction has been established, which adds ten signatures to each transaction group and mixes 11 signatures in total.

Stealth approaches

Stealth Addresses, which allow users to broadcast a single address that automatically creates multiple one-time accounts for each transaction, are another feature that contributes to Monero’s anonymity.

The owner may then identify their incoming monies by scanning the blockchain with a secret “view key,” Their wallet can identify any transactions using that key.

Ring CT

Ring Confidential Transactions (Ring CT) introduced in 2017 are a Monero-specific extension of ring signatures. Ring CT was first presented by Shen Noether in a white paper in 2015 to disguise the amounts in each transaction. Even though Monero transactions are anonymous, Noether suggested that the transaction amounts might be used to link them together.

His Ring CT method employs encryption on the participants’ transaction information and key pairs to disguise quantities, sources, and destinations all at once. Multilayered Linkable Spontaneous Anonymous Group Signatures (MLSAG) is the cryptography used in this procedure.

Key difference: Bitcoin VS Monero


Bitcoin transactions are connected to your wallet, not to your personal information. By studying trends, time zones, and other important bits of data, it’s perfectly feasible to reveal a person’s identity with a little investigation. In a variety of scenarios, this might be troublesome.

Let’s assume you’re visiting a high-crime region and choose Bitcoin as a payment method. Your personal information will not be exposed to the payment recipient, but they will be able to see how much money you have in your bitcoin wallet. This openness might be a security concern if the balance is too high.

Monero, on the other side, includes a feature called stealth addresses. Stealth addresses are one-time addresses that are not connected to prior addresses, allowing for more privacy than Bitcoin.


Bitcoin and Monero employ distinct mining algorithms, with Bitcoin employing SHA-256 and Monero employing Cryptonight (GPU mining). The bitcoin algorithm, for example, operates on significantly faster-specialized mining chips known as ASICs or application-specific integrated circuits. This may appear to be an advantage at first look, especially if you can afford to invest in an ASIC computer for mining, but it does have some drawbacks.

Monero mining is set up in such a way that ASIC machines have little advantage over regular computers. Consequently, regular individuals may utilize a basic CPU and begin mining on their computer immediately, making the process more user-friendly.

Limit of block size:

Because Bitcoin has limited block sizes, the network might become overburdened, delaying transactions during peak periods.

Monero is based on a block-size restriction that is adaptive. As a result, if there are a lot of transactions, the block size grows automatically. This is the biggest advantage Monero investors have over Bitcoin.

Why is privacy important?

  1. You’re traveling through sections of a country where violent crime is moderate to high. You need to pay for something using part of your Bitcoin. It is a hazard to your physical safety if everyone you interact with knows exactly how much money you have.
  2. You are a company that has received money from a vendor. That supplier will be able to see how much money your company has and, as a result, will be able to estimate how price sensitive you are during future discussions.
  3. You are a private individual making online purchases of goods and services. Unfortunately, businesses commonly use ‘price discrimination algorithms to determine the maximum rates they can charge you in the future, and you’d prefer they didn’t have the knowledge advantage of knowing how much you invest and where you spend it.


Monero is a viable alternative currency that prioritizes privacy, open-source, and decentralization. Monero’s core team has positioned Monero as a rival to Bitcoin, claiming that its superior product can overcome Bitcoin’s network effects. In contrast, Monero has shown potential and is undoubtedly one of the most technically advanced cryptocurrencies on the market. In addition, other cryptocurrencies such as Zcash and Dash also increase their privacy implementation.