What are Tokenomics?
Tokenomics is a phrase that refers to all of the variables that influence the economics of a crypto token, making it interesting to investors. The name is a mix of the terms “token” and “economics,” and it was created by combining the two concepts. This comprises the characteristics of a token’s functionality and aim, as well as its allocation policy and emissions schedule. Before putting their money into a certain cryptocurrency, investors should give serious consideration to all of these crucial characteristics, which are valuable in and of themselves.
Tokenomics are an essential component of the ecosystem around cryptocurrencies because they enable initiatives to avoid malicious actors, develop trust, and construct robust, sustainable ecosystems. Tokenomics that are solid provide support for the value of a token over the long term and provide incentives for early adopters. At the same time, they keep an inflation rate under control and promote sustainable growth.
When trying to gain an understanding of the tokenomics of a project, there are numerous measures that investors may take into consideration. Even while the majority of the components that make up the economics of a coin can often be found on CoinMarketCap and CoinGecko, it is still a good idea to examine the whitepaper of a project in order to ensure that the information is accurate. Traders and investors can use this information to recognize and steer clear of fraudulent practices, such as “rug pull” scams.
Read also: What is Staking in Crypto?
Factors included in tokenomics
Investors should look for the following details while investigating a project or token:
The distributing and allocating of tokens
The executive team or the community will choose how tokens are allocated or distributed during the project’s first launch phases. Tokens may be distributed among several divisions, such as marketing and development, placed in the treasury to be released as needed, or made available to investors during investment rounds. A private selling round to early investors or a fundraising round known as an initial coin offering (ICO) or an initial DEX offering are examples of the latter (IDOs). Tokens may also be given to team members who are working on a token as payment for their efforts. By comparing the amount of money, a project is raising in these early phases to its initial valuation, investors can learn more about the initiative’s initial value.
The supply and frequency of issuance of a token
Investors should be aware of the three forms of supply: circulating supply, total supply, and maximum supply. The total supply also includes any tokens that have been generated and then burned, whereas the circulating supply is the quantity of tokens that are presently in use. The max supply is the most tokens that will ever be produced (though not all tokens have this).
Developers would slowly raise the circulating quantity of a healthy token, but it’s crucial to avoid releasing new tokens too rapidly or often, since this might damage the token’s value in the long run. The timetable of a token’s emission might provide you an idea of how much supply will be available in the future.
Market capitalization of a project
Another crucial measure is a project’s market capitalization, which typically displays the value of the tokens that are in circulation in US dollars. You may also take a look at a project’s completely diluted market cap, which represents the project’s potential value if the whole token supply were in use. A token is more likely to be valuable in the future if its market capitalization is larger and its supply of tokens in circulation is smaller.
Model of a token
Inflationary or deflationary tokens are possible. Like fiat money, inflationary tokens have an infinite supply. A token having a limited supply, like Bitcoin, which has a 21 million total supply, is said to be deflationary.
In certain tokens, a project issues two tokens: a utility token and a security token, the latter of which is used to raise money. Investors are granted ownership rights in the project through the security token, which was created to secure investor finance for the endeavor. Users who own governance tokens have voting rights in the project. These tokens are classified as security tokens. Long-term user investment in the protocol is encouraged via governance tokens, resulting in a more sustainable environment.
A utility token is a typical transaction token on the network and can be issued at any moment. MakerDAO’s MKR, which features a utility and governance token version, is an illustration of a dual token concept.
Other factors to think about
Be careful to investigate the team working on the project as well by looking at their social media pages, LinkedIn profiles, and prior employment experiences. The historical performance of a currency, its many use cases, and any data derived from its technical analysis might all be valuable.
Why is it vital to understand tokenomics?
Using blockchain technology, projects are able to construct their own mini economies. They need to find out how tokens should function inside their ecosystem so that they can become financially independent.
When it comes to tokens, there is no “one size fits all” mentality that can be used. Blockchain technology has opened the door to a wide variety of applications and implementations. Tokenomics gives teams the ability to devise new models from scratch or modify current ones in a way that is compatible with the goals of the project. If done correctly, this may result in the creation of a platform that is both stable and highly functional.